Piaget's Four Stages

Piaget's Four Stages

Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist who studied children in the early 20th century. Many branches of education and psychology use his theory of intellectual or cognitive development (1936). It focuses on children, from birth to adolescence, and characterizes different stages of development, including: language, morals, memory, and reasoning.

How To Be Your Own Best Friend: 3 Quick Tips to Get Started

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It’s often easy to support a close friend when they’re down, however we often struggle with providing the same kindness and support to ourselves. Rather, we often are overcome with negative thoughts and feelings that we ruminate on and don’t seem to go away. Treating yourself as you would a friend, similar to the concept of self-love, is an active form of mental and emotional support in order to resist giving into feeling immobilized or drowned by negative patterns of thinking. Dr. Kristin Neff’s research on self-compassion links to the concept of treating yourself like a best friend. Neff states that self-compassion extends compassion, kindness, and understanding you have for others who are suffering to yourself. Yet most of us would agree, we are more comfortable treating ourselves in the opposite way. We are often critical, judgmental, and angry with ourselves when we make mistakes, whether these occur in our personal or professional lives. However, exercises that identify ways to treat yourself like a friend, similar to those self-compassion exercises by Dr. Neff, highlight that we don’t always have to react to mistakes or disappointments with negative thoughts and feelings. So how do you start to treat yourself like a best friend? Try the tips below:

1. Think of how you would respond to a friend in distress: What would you say to a friend or family member who struggles with negative self-talk or is often self-critical? Imagine specific phrases you might say to support them and repeat these to yourself. What would you want to highlight for them? What feeling would you want to leave them with? Consider what it feels like to be compassionate toward that person; is it difficult or does it feel natural?

2. Imagine a friend’s response when you are in distress: When overwhelmed by negative thoughts about yourself, consider how your best friend would respond to those negative beliefs. Imagine what feedback you’d receive from someone who you know loves and cares about you. What would they say to you? What might they have said in the past when you are struggling? Reflect on something specific they might have said and repeat it in your head or out loud. For example, “I get why you feel this way and you are being too hard on yourself” or “It makes sense you’d feel this way and it won’t feel like this forever”.

3. Reflect on the difference: Now think about the differences in your response to a friend who is suffering versus what you imagine a close friend or loved one saying to you during a difficult time. Take a curious, open-minded stance and think about what it would be like to respond to yourself in the same way you respond to a friend or a friend responds to you. What would you tell yourself? If you said to yourself, “I do not have to be perfect” or “I am allowed to feel this way right now” what would that feel like? How does it feel to be self-compassionate as opposed to jumping into a critical judgment?

Three Quick Tips to Remain a Best Friend and Not a Critic:

1. Jot down what you might say to a friend who is struggling. Read and repeat these when struggling with difficult thoughts and feelings.

2. Consider finding an affirmation or mantra to repeat to yourself when you feel yourself becoming self-critical. Guided meditations and even self-care handles in Instagram can provide great examples!

3. Record yourself on your phone talking to yourself as a friend and listen back to the recording when needing some self-compassion. If this feels too difficult right now, have a recording of a friend or loved one you can listen to in those moments and then move to one of your own when you are comfortable. Being critical of yourself isn’t easy, it’s actually much harder and less sustainable than being your own best friend. Critical thoughts break you down where being your own best friend builds you up and keeps you moving. By treating yourself as a friend, acknowledging you do not need to be perfect, being kind and generous to yourself at all times, makes it much easier to bounce back from difficult situations and tolerate challenging moments that may arise in the future!

Concrete Thinking

Concrete Thinking

Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist who studied children in the early 20th century. Many branches of education and psychology use his theory of intellectual or cognitive development (1936). It focuses on children, from birth to adolescence and characterizes different stages of development, including: language, morals, memory, and reasoning.

ADHD And Relationships

ADHD And Relationships

It is common for misunderstandings, frustrations, and resentments to build up in relationships where one or both members of the couple have ADHD. This is the most likely when the symptoms of ADHD have never been properly diagnosed or treated. The upside is that building a healthier and happier partnership can always be worked on if turning these problems around is a priority. The more you learn about ADHD and the role it plays in your relationship, you can create more positive and productive ways to respond to challenges and communicate better.

Tips For Blending Families

Tips For Blending Families

It is difficult for most families to develop happy and healthy relationships, which is why it is even harder when attempting to blend two families. It can take years and a lot of work for stepfamilies to establish working and comfortable relationships. The hardest years and generally the first few, as there are unique challenges to the couple in getting to know each other, while also trying to nurture the children’s relationships with each other and the stepparents as well. Here are some tips on blending families:

How To Deal With The Post Travel Blues

How To Deal With The Post Travel Blues

If you notice that the travel blues is something you get when you return home, accept that it happens then prepare yourself for it.

Breaking Free Of The Parent-Child Relationship In Marriage

Breaking Free Of The Parent-Child Relationship In Marriage

The parent-child type of relationship is seen frequently in marriages where one partner lives with ADHD. Typically, the non-ADHD partner takes on the role of the parent and the partner with ADHD the role of the child. It generally starts when the partner with ADHD does not follow through on tasks, such as paying a bill or leaving the laundry out in a pile. Naturally, the non-ADHD partner will step in to handle more of the household responsibilities.

Tips For Coping With A Chronic Illness

Tips For Coping With A Chronic Illness

Chronic illnesses generally have no “cure” in sight, which means they can last a lifetime. Living with day to day chronic conditions can be difficult to manage, especially when they come with always changing symptoms and issues. With proper care and attention, you can live a happy and healthy life, even with health needs. Here are some tips to help you take charge and manage your illness:

Finances and Relationships

Finances and Relationships

Money can be a stressful topic, which is why it comes as no surprise that combining finances with a partner can be a difficult task. Sharing finances traditionally occurred after marriage when the couple moved in together. In today’s society, many couples are combining their homes and financial lives prior to marriage, which can get a little tricky to figure out at first. While every relationship is different, here are some tips to help you and your partner avoid financial fights.

Mood Tracking

Mood Tracking

Therapists frequently suggest tracking your moods in order to understand which triggers or situations lead to certain emotions. If you are seeing a counselor or doctor for any mood symptoms, this can be a helpful tool to update them with in between appointments, make the appointments go smoother, and assist you in staying on topic. Having your moods tracked will help you communicate how you have been feeling if you struggle describing it. It also helps to look back at your mood journal to see how far you have come and what you are capable of accomplishing.

Why Is Validation Important In Relationships?

Why Is Validation Important In Relationships?

Validation is the recognition or affirmation that a person or their feelings or opinions are valid or worthwhile. It is a skill that is not commonly recognized, but is extremely important in forming healthy relationships. It is frequently heard within relationships that one or both of the individuals do not feel heard or understood. This can be the case for romantic relationships, family relationships, working relationships, and friendships.

Creating A Hope Box

Creating A Hope Box

A hope box is something you can create for when you need a reminder of why your life is so precious. This technique is often used in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to cultivate hope. It is simply a collection of various items that can show you that your life is meaningful and worth living.